Interventions: COP Interventions: COP 20...

 

Expectations, Opportunities and Challenges for CoP 20,

18th November 2014, New Delhi

The penultimate UNFCCC Climate Change Conference, CoP20, to be held in Lima is being seen as the final opportunity to draft an agreement to be signed in 2015 at Paris. The IPCC fifth Assessment Report expressed grave concern on lack of efforts and suggested that emissions must peak before 2020 to be able to keep the rise in temperature below. Though there has been an effort in recent months to increase the momentum towards Cop 20 through a number of efforts including UN Secretary General Ban ki-Moon’s Climate Summit in New York, People’s Climate March, joint declaration by the USA and China, the outlook towards COP 20 is weak. Specific expectations from COP 20 remain low; however, success in Lima will determine the success in Paris. With these concerns, Beyond Copenhagen along with INECC, Laya, CANSA and Oxfam India organized a PreCOP Consultations to look at these issues, expectations and possibilities at COP 20.

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Adaptation and Agro-ecology; Women’s Strategies for Climate Change

Side Event, 1st December 2014

The COP 20 side event was co-organized by CECOEDECON, Beyond Copenhagen, Action aid International and Practical Action. Since there was no discussion on agriculture in COP 20/SBSTA, the side event hoped to get the attention of the country parties and negotiators as well as CSO participants on the issue of agriculture. The objective of the side event was to convey to the audience that the in the din of the climate smart agriculture, the agro-ecology is getting completely neglected, and the worst affected are women. Women have shown leadership in adapting to climate change and enhancing agro-ecology but the policymakers have failed them by prioritizing mitigation over the urgent needs of adaptation.

Opening the discussion moderator Ajay Jha said that women farmers have huge contribution in agriculture and food security and economy of the countries especially in South Asia, Africa and Latin America. Women have shown leadership in enhancing adaptive capacity of the agriculture through approaches which is ecologically sustainable and less dependent on external inputs, however, they face a number of challenges including that of climate change and policy design, lack of access and ownership being one of the most important among them. He emphasized that in South Asia where more than 65% women workforce is engaged in agriculture, less than 6% of them have land ownership. He added that in view of the fact that the cost of agriculture is rising steeply, agroecology also makes business case. Chris Handerson, from Practical action provided overall concept of agro-ecology, scenario of positioning of agro-ecology in agriculture and case studies of women farmers. He said that lots of farmers are adopting agro ecological approaches, and therefore, it is not something new being proposed. However, he added that existing system was loaded against small farmers, which presents a compelling need for policy reform and financial support. He recommended increased public investment in research, investment to agro ecological approaches and also hoped that a reformed market will also support agro ecological approaches.

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Towards a Peoples’ Protocol in Climate Change

Lima Side Event, 6th December 2014, Peru

Beyond Copenhagen in collaboration with APRN, PCFS,IBON and APWLD organized this side event emphasizing that people in developing countries no longer see any promise in the UNFCCC process, which is moving further and further away from what is required to restore the climate system. Ms. Tetet Lauron (APRN) provided a background on how climate change negotiations or the SDGs process are not addressing root cause of the problems and not addressing concerns of larger majority of the humanity. Ms. Kate Lapping from APWLD (Thailand) reflected on the SDGs process and the UNSG’s Synthesis report and said that these two processes have completely ignored the demands of women. She also emphasized that the SDGs on women’s empowerment does not have any target and are weaker than those in the MODGs. Ajay Jha on centrality of food sovereignty to the sustainable development process and he emphasized why the struggle for food justice is the struggle for development justice. Toan Thanh, Sustainable Rural Development (Vietnam) provided a summary of the discussion. The side event gave a call for Peoples’ Protocol on climate change and demanded development justice.

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