Interventions: COP Interventions: COP 22...

A delegation of around ten people from beyond Copenhagen collective have participated in COP22 in Morocco to highlight the importance of pre 2020 actions and finances in Paris Agreement. Two books around the theme of “Lifestyle for Minimum Carbon Footprint” were released by Shri Anil Madhav Dave, India’s Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change in an event organized by PAIRVI. Two side events titled “Enhancing Pre 2020 Actions and Ambitions” and “The Unfinished Business: How to close the Post-Paris adaptation and climate finance gap” were also organized. Before COP22 a National consultation on the expectations and possibilities of upcoming COP was also organized by PAIRVI.


1. National Pre COP22 Consultation


22nd October 2016, New Delhi

The Pre CoP -22 Consultation organized by Beyond Copenhagen, PAIRVI, and Oxfam India was held at Constitution Club, New Delhi on 22 October, 2016. The consultation was organized with the objective of discussing important concerns and challenges before the Marrakech COP and what to expect from the upcoming COP. Leading civil society organizations working on climate change and sustainable development concerns, media, policymakers and representatives from important actors/countries through their missions in Delhi took participate in the Consultation. Shri Anil Madhav Dave, Hon’ble Minister, Environment, Forest and Climate Change graced the occasion by being the Chief Guest along with Ambassador HE Tomaz Kozlowski, Delegation of EU to India.

Shri Anil Madhav Dave, Minister, Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Government of India, shared the important outcomes of the deliberation that took place in Kigali and the Pre CoP at Morocco. At Kilagi, India signed a self declaration to amend the Montreal Protocol and substantially limit the emission of HFC- 23. At Pre CoP in Morocco in October, Shri Dave pressed that solution to climate change lies in following a minimum carbon footprint lifestyle that has long been practiced in India. Sharing these thought, Mr. Dave held that India is trying hard for incorporation of these principles into the global negotiation on climate change. He also iterated that for the Paris Agreement to be implemented successfully, India should progressively work towards its NDC goals and take self disciplinary actions so that it can lay inspiring example before the world. The Minister also took attention to the idea that villages in India should become the focus development planning. Without proper implementation of the Forest Right Act and Panchayati Raj Act, sustainable development in the country is a distant dream.

Mr. Ajay Jha welcomed the Special Guest, Mr. Ravi Shankar Prasad, Joint Secretary, Climate Change Division, along with participants. Mr. Jha held 2015 as a significant year for the development agenda with countries meeting up in Addis Ababa in July to agree on new framework to finance the ambitious post-2015 development agenda, in September a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals were while at the Paris climate conference (COP21) in December 2015, 195 countries adopted the first-ever universal, legally binding global climate deal. He also shared the biggest concerns of this year, besides implementation modalities of the Paris Agreement, is the lack of action on Pre 2020 action and efforts as most of the Pre 2020 efforts are being outsourced through non UNFCCC sources like the Kigali Agreement on HFC 23 reduction and ICAO agreement to cap carbon emission.

Mr. Ravi Shankar Prasad laid the opening remarks and broadly discussed the deliverables from the Moroccan CoP. He shared that the Paris Agreement might have areas of concerns and satisfaction but, being a global, parties might need to comprise at places if the larger goal to reducing emission and bringing down global temperatures is to be achieved. Mr. Prasad shared that a recent OECD report shared with India in the Pre CoP claim that climate finance reached USD 62 billion in 2014 but apprehension exist on over-lapse and double counting where multiple public actors are involved in financing an activity alongside private finance. Therefore, the numbers provided by OECD and developed countries would be a matter of deeper scrutiny to verify the veracity of the claims made in their report.

1. Report Pre COP 22
2. Pre COP22 Consultation Paper
3. Flyer – climate conundrum


2. The Unfinished Business: How to close the Post-Paris adaptation and climate finance gap

10th November 2016

CECOEDECON, PAIRVI and BCPH India in collaboration with Pan African Climate Justice Alliance (PACJA), Oxfam International and ISMUN organized a side event titled, “The Unfinished Business: How to close the Post-Paris adaptation and climate finance gap” in the UNFCCC-COP 22 in Marrakech, Morocco. During the event discussants highlighted the adaptation finance gap and stated key issues that the Paris agreement should address on a roadmap for the $100bn commitment – one that includes quantified goals for adaptation finance, and progress on accounting and governance of finance flows.

Speaking during the Event, Ajay Jha of the Centre for Community Economics and Development Consultants Society (CECOEDECON) delved into the ongoing discussion on adaptation and lamented that the negotiations are mainly mitigation centric with very little focus and support to adaptation. he also shared that the Adaptation Fund is itself facing a crisis for its sustainability with reduced income from the CERs and developed countries are very reluctant to support it. He added that the crisis is beyond technology and finance and emissions will have to be reduced from 5 tonnes per capita to less than 2 tonnes per capita to stay on the least cost pathways consistent with two degrees Celsius. He emphasized that current state of negotiations are keen to even do away with the last vestiges of the climate justice. He reiterated that, “The best insurance to adaptation is to deepen mitigation cuts before 2020 so that the world can also deliver the co-benefits of the sustainable development goals”. He further stressed on the need for serious reorganization of global political and economic order to have the transformation that we look forward to.

Mithika Mwenda, Secretary General, PACJA said that, “Adaptation is a key priority for Africa as a continent highly impacted by climate change and investment after the Paris Agreement should strongly focus on Adaptation rather than the ongoing trend in giving more focus to mitigation.”
Presenting a research on adaptation finance gap by Oxfam, Vu Minh Hai– Oxfam Vietnam noted that, “Small scale farmers especially women lack adequate support yet they play a critical role in food security” In her key messages, she said that, “Global cooperation on Climate Change has to be inclusive, durable, fair and it must not leave no one behind”.

Mariama Williams from the South Centre presenting a glaring picture of adaptation financing by saying that, “The Adaptation which is the only fund purely focusing on Adaptation was underfunded as it was highly funded through the Clean Development Mechanism, a market mechanism which has collapsed hence making it vulnerable”. She thus called for significant work to be done under loss and damage and double adaptation financing in enhancing Africa’s adaptive capacity to climate change. She added that it is surprising that the Paris agreement did not take forward the adaptation fund, which has been most affective in addressing adaptation needs in vulnerable countries.
The organizers demanded quick capitalization of the GCF to the tune of USD 100 billion in additional and new funds in a predictable and transparent manner, and that GCF should ensure that there is equal emphasis on mitigation and adaptation not only in terms of number of projects but also volume and value of projects, taking forward the adaptation fund and significantly enhancing support to it and called the developed countries to ratify Doha Amendments and take deep mitigation cuts before 2020 so that the huge emission gap can be bridged.


3. Enhancing Pre 2020 Actions and Ambitions

14th November 2016

Shri Anil Madhav Dave, India’s Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, asked for strong and robust pre 2020 actions, and said that it was indispensible for successful implementation of the Paris Agreement. Chairing a side event he emphasized the importance of the pre 2020 actions and said that ignoring pre 2020 commitments is contrary to the core principles of the Convention and the spirit of the Paris Agreement. He added that strong and robust pre 2020 actions would enable us to deliver the Sustainable Development Goals, and failure to have genuine and meaningful pre 2020 actions would threaten delivering the range of the SDGs for majority of the humanity. The event was organized by PAIRVI, CECOEDECON and Beyond Copenhagen.

Shri Ajay Narayan Jha, Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, said that we welcome the early entry into force of the Paris Agreement, but this exuberance should not be at the cost of pre 2020 actions, which still remains critical not only for pre 2020 but also post 2020.

Ajay K Jha, (Director, PAIRVI) said that expedited actions and enhanced ambitions before 2020 was the best insurance to bridge the emission gap. He called upon the developed countries to ratify Doha Amendments and declare their roadmap for pre 2020 actions spanning mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology and capacity building.

Mr. Diego Pacheho, Dy Minister, Planning and development, Bolivia and coordinator LMDC, said that not fulfilling pre 2020 actions amounts to throwing away the last vestiges of the climate justice. He added that without pre 2020 there is no post 2020 for developing countries. He also lauded India’s proposal on pre 2020 action and assured that LMDC will make all efforts to demand concrete action before 2020.

Soumya Dutta (Beyond Copenhagen) highlighted the emission reduction potential in the energy, lighting and transport sectors in the developed countries. He emphasized the emission reduction potential in preventing construction and closing old and inefficient fossil fuel plants.

Mr. Peter Scholten (IHS, Erasmus University, Rotterdam) talked about EU pledge for 2020 and beyond 2030 and emphasized that there is a need to make efforts in a integrated manner across sectors to best utilize the pre 2020 potential.

Meena Raman (TWN) said that it was unfortunate that pre 2020 has become a bad word in the negotiations and the developed countries are going back on their words, which they committed in Durban and Doha COP. She hoped that developing countries would put their best foot forward and demand concrete actions in the facilitative dialogue.

Dr. A A Nambi (WRI, India) underlined that lack of mitigation and finance pre 2020 is adversely affecting adaptive capacities of the developing and other vulnerable countries and resulting into huge adaptation and adaptation finance gaps.

The event came out with a call for developed countries to fully implement their commitments, enhance ambitions and take leadership in pre 2020 actions consistent with the principles of the Convention and the spirit of the Paris Agreement. They also called upon the UNFCCC to take pre 2020 actions on a priority and that Facilitative dialogue come out with a concrete roadmap on pre 2020.


4. Book Release: Lifestyle for Minimum Carbon Footprint

14th November 2016

Shri Anil Madhav Dave, India’s Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change called upon the global community to adopt minimum carbon footprint lifestyle and help make it a global mass movement. Speaking a book release event at the India Pavilion at COP 22 on 14th November, he said that international cooperation and policies have their own role in resolving climate crisis, however, as an individual all of us need to adopt a minimum carbon footprint lifestyle. He reiterated that this is the only way to sustainability. He also released two books around the theme of “Lifestyle for Minimum Carbon Footprint.” The event was organized by PAIRVI (Public Advocacy Initiatives for Rights & Values in India), CECOEDECON (Centre for Community Economics and Development Consultants Society) and Beyond Copenhagen, a collective of Indian civil society organizations.

Shri Anil Madha Dave, added that the Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi has strong belief in the lifestyle changes and its contribution to the climate stabilization. He reminded that speaking in Paris COP 21, the Prime Minister has said “Lifestyle changes are necessary and possible.” Mr. Dave also stressed that we need to involve each and every citizen in all countries and make lifestyle changes a global mass movement. Referring to Gandhi, he said that he made Swadeshi and non-violence a global virtue, and a movement with his simple lifestyle and simpler messages. He concluded by saying that his inspiration will help us make minimum carbon footprint lifestyle, a global movement.

Download Book: Lifestyle for Minimun Carbon Footprint