Soil carbon markets; SOS Call for the small and marginal farmers 

- Ajay K. Jha

Agricultural emissions have been a source of intense debates in the UNFCCC since Copenhagen COP 15. The main issue has been how to address emissions from agriculture. Developed countries see it as huge potential for mitigation in agriculture (agriculture contribute 13% of global GHG emission excluding land use change). Developing countries insist that adaptation rather than mitigation should be the focus of discussion, as farmers in developing country facing...

Beyond Hallelujah to Renewable Energy

- Ajay K. Jha

India is a signatory to the Paris Agreement adopted by the global community in Nov 2015. Under the Agreement, it has committed to (i) reduce emission intensity of its GDP by 33-35% by 2030 over 2005 standards, (ii) achieve 40% of energy by non fossil sources, and (iii) to create a sink of 2.5 to 3GT co2e by afforestation on 5 Mha and improving forest quality on 5 Mha.1 Under Copenhagen Accord (2011) India had voluntarily committed to reduce its energy intensity by 25% by 2020 over 2005 standards. India has also committed to scale up its installed renewable energy to 175 GW (100GW solar+65 GW wind +10 GW small hydro+5GW biomass) by 2022...

Climate Finance, Big Banks and Small Farmers

- Chetna Joshi

A need of adaptation in the agriculture and allied sectors became more pronounced when it appeared as a priority sector in 90% of INDCs that included adaptation. The issue of ‘Food production and security’ is explicitly mentioned in the preamble of the Paris agreement. Post Paris many new financial facilities/ funding instruments have come up with a ...

Food Security Policies in India

- Simone Garbuglia

Despite its astonishing economic growth during the last 20 years, India still suffers from extended food insecurity. It’s the country with the majority of hungry people, accounting for about a quarter of the hungry population of the world. Per capita availability as well as consumption of foodgrains in India has declined since 1996; the percentage of underweight children has remained stagnant between 1998 and 2006; and the calorie consumption of the bottom half of the population has been consistently declining since 1987...

Peoples Declaration on Climate Change 2009

We, the members of people‟s organisations, NGOs and other civil society organisations, in a National Consultation with Members of Parliament, Leaders of Political Parties, representatives from Embassies, High Commissions and Bilateral Funding agencies, meeting in Delhi on this 23rd day of November 2009...

Nuclear Energy; Swansong of Energy Security or Saga of Unimaginable Misery

Two billion people worldwide and almost half of the Indian population have no access to electricity today. However, the choices of energy generation being made need to take into account the future of the earth, lives and livelihoods of billions of people, and safety to present as well as future generations. The recent nuclear plant Fukushima, Japan meltdown has not only raised the issues of nuclear safety but also questioned the rationale of nuclear energy...

Much ado about the State Action Plans on Climate Change; its business as usual for the governments

- Ajay K Jha

India is highly vulnerable to climate change due to a variety of factors including high dependence on rain fed agriculture, huge coastline, and low adapting capacity due to poverty. According to the UNEP (2007) India is one of the 27 countries highly vulnerable to climate change. Around 42 per cent of India’s population still does not have access to commercial energy. Over 75 percent of household energy consumption is for the basic human need of cooking. Traditional biomass is the primary cooking fuel for over 700 million Indians...

Laws against terrorism; Savagery of legal systems

A comparison of anti terrorism laws among major legal systems of world

- Lori Wigbers

Terrorism is a complex and multi-faceted phenomenon; it does not stem from a single causal framework, nor do its proponents belong to a singular group. Attempting to produce an internationally recognized definition, which accounts for all instances and the differing motivations of the terrorists themselves, runs the risk of being over-inclusive...

International Negotiations on Climate Change; Global Outlook towards Road to Durban

The outcomes of COP 16 have been interpreted variously by many commentators. While some of them see as successful in restoring confidence in the multilateral process and bringing negotiations back on the track (AWG LCA and AWG KP); many others allege that COP 16 outcomes have been complex in content as well as process. It has been emphasized that COP 16 laid the background for a final goodbye to the core principles of the KP viz. historical responsibility and common but differentiated responsibility.

INDIA AND CLIMATE CHANGE 
Brief overview on development and overarching development concerns

It has the world’s fourth largest in purchasing power. Economic reforms since 1991 have transformed it into one of the fastest growing economies; however, it still suffers from high levels of poverty, illiteracy, and malnutrition. India's half billion workers are the world's second largest labour force and relatively young...

NATIONAL FOOD ENTITLEMENT BILL: A restricted approach to food security

The Common Minimum Programme of the UPA promised to enact legislation on food security. All of us witnessing interface of hunger with development were pleasantly surprised to learn about the move to bring Food Security Bill. Though many of us were not sure how food security can be ensured by a Bill enacted by any Ministry?

Cash Transfer Schemes in Delhi

-  Vinod Koshti and Manisha Singh

The central government is planning to give food subsidy in cash to below poverty line (BPL) families in order to check the losses that happen because of pilferage of PDS food-grains. Delhi government has been asked to start the pilot project in one district and a committee is also set up to assess the financial implications. Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution has sought a grant of Rs 242 crore from Finance Ministry to run a pilot for the cash transfer scheme in five villages – (i) Lakhimpur Kheri (UP), (ii) Hardoi (UP), (iii) Panchkula (Haryana), (iv) Jhajjar (Haryana) and Central Delhi...

BOLIVIA CLIMATE CHANGE SUMMIT:  Message from the land of retreating glacier

- Ajay K Jha

The Chacaltaya glacier, a mountain 30 km from La Paz whose peak reaches 5,530 meters above sea level, is one of the powerful global symbols of climate change. Until a decade back the highest ski run of the world is now a rocky rubble. Bolivia is home to 20% of the Andes Glaciers, many of them are replicating Chacaltaya’s retreat. The city of La Paz get more than 80% of its water demands from the glacier and melting poses serious questions on the life of people and the city...

मैला ढोने की प्रथा अब भी कायम

- रजनीश

भारत की आबादी फ़िलहाल सवा अरब के आस-पास है. इस सवा अरब की आबादी में लगभग 20 प्रतिशत आबादी दलित समुदाय की है और ऐसा अंदाज़ा है कि इसमें से तकरीबन तीन लाख से अधिक लोग मैला साफ़ करने के कार्य में संलग्न हैं. वर्तमान में शासकीय तौर पर यह प्रक्षेपित किया जा रहा है कि देश में अब कहीं भी मैला ढोने वाले लोग नहीं हैं क्योंकि इस कार्य में लगे सभी परिवारों को पुनर्वासित क्या जा चुका है...

The Integration of Human Rights at Indian Corporations

- Gergely Tölgyesi

The aim of this paper is to provide an insight into how the integration of human rights in the core business processes creates a business case and allows the company and the stakeholders as well to benefit from the ethical and circumspect operations. Businesses all over India put serious effort and money into CSR but many times they violate basic rights due to the lack of an integrated human rights policy.

Beyond Copenhagen: Setting the Agenda

Now that the dust on Copenhagen seems to be settling, all of us realize that Copenhagen did not settle anything. Rather it has unsettled some already settled propositions and it is unfortunate that now things will have to move on the lines which the powerful developed countries have charted along with some developing countries eager to be deal makers. COP 15 beyond any doubts have sounded a death knell for CBDR based on the principles of historic responsibilities...

Cash Transfer Schemes: A Review

- Vinod Koshti

Cash Transfers (CT) are programs through which the governments try to eliminate food insecurity by providing their poor population with the financial means to purchase a sufficient amount of food. This is mostly accomplished by transferring small and regular amounts of cash to the poorest or the most vulnerable households, ensuring that their income reaches a minimum level. These measures are also known as cash-for-food schemes, since the money is intended to be spent on food...

Right to Information with Private Business

- Gaia Bertoni

In the last decades there has been a lot of movement regarding Governments disclosure and access to official information. Governments started to recognize the importance of access to information for enhancing democratic engagement, building confidence in government institutions and strengthening their credibility and effectiveness. 
Since 1766, when Sweden's Freedom of the Press Act passed, over 85 countries around the world have implemented some form of freedom of information legislation.

खाद्य सुरक्षा का गहराता संकट

- अजय झा

जल्दी ही भारत के पास 6 करोड़ टन का खाद्यान्न भंडार हो जाएगा. इतना बड़ा भंडार होने के बावजूद भी देश के कई राज्यों में भूख से मौतें हो रही हैं जो इस बात की पुष्टि करती हैं कि सरकार के द्वारा घोषित भण्डारण व स्थिति से निपटने के लिए लागू की गई सारी योजनाओं के पीछे का सच क्या है. भारत में आज भी 36 करोड़ लोग कुपोषित हैं और 30 करोड़ ग़रीब...

New Challenges to Food Security in India

- Ajay K Jha

India will have soon a food grain reserve touching 60 million tones. Despite this impressive reserves, the actual access of people to food remain severely restricted. Hunger deaths taking place in almost all parts of the country, attest to the fact more prominently than the figures relating to reserves provided by central government and an impressive array of programmes existing to fight the situation. India has 360 million undernourished and 300 million poor people...

City of Eternal Spring Carries the Expectation of the World

The city of epic struggle against water privatization, Cochabamba carries the expectation of the world for a just and equitable climate deal. Besides the warmth of the people from Cochabamba, one can definitely feel and poise and expectation in the air. More than 7 million people stranded at airports of northern Europe, many thousands among them definitely destined to the small tropical town and third largest city of Bolivia, has failed to dampen the spirit and enthusiasm of Bolivia to play a crucial leadership role in arriving at a just deal...

नरेगा: काग़ज़ों से परे

- रजनीश

2 फ़रवरी 2006 को इस क़ानून के लागू होने के बाद से अब तक 3 वर्ष पूर्ण हो चुके हैं और दस्तावेजों में यह पूरी तरह सफल दिखाई देता है, परन्तु यही इसकी ज़मीनी हकीक़त को देखा जाए तो स्पष्ट होता है कि अभी तक यह क़ानून अपने सही रूप में सामने नहीं आ सका है. इस क़ानून की सबसे पहली ज़रुरत यह थी कि जिस वर्ग को केंद्र में रखकर इसे बनाया गया था उस वर्ग तक इसकी पहुँच हो...

Food Crisis: Small and Marginal Farmers Hold the Key

- Ajay K Jha

The world is in the grips of an impending food and ecological crises. While the prices of food world over have skyrocketed during the current and previous years, the availability of food both for the producing as well as the importing countries have been badly hit resulting in deep food crisis. What is more disturbing that the food scarcity is here to stay. Different political systems and civil society has responded differently to the crises however all responses have been obscured by the food riots in more than 30 countries during the previous and current year...

जलवायु परिवर्तन से निपटने के प्रयास

- रजनीश

"पिछले कुछ सालों में गर्मी कितनी बढ़ी है?" अगर आपका जलवायु परिवर्तन की बहसों, अखबारों या सामान्य ज्ञान के अन्य सूचना स्रोतों से अच्छा रिश्ता नहीं है और आप खुद पहले से इस तरह की जानकारी संग्रहित करने की इच्छा से प्रेरित नहीं रहे हैं तो आपका क्या जवाब होगा? ज़ाहिर-सी बात है - "बहुत." आज जलवायु परिवर्तन या साधारण-सी भाषा में कहें तो मौसम के बदलते मिजाज़ पर विशेषज्ञ आंकड़ों की भाषा में बात करते हैं...

Towards Consensus on India's Position in International Negotiation

The Consultation is being organized by a collective of civil society organizations working on the issues of economic and climate justice and access to equity and justice issues. A number of activities have been organized in different states and agro climatic zone and with the objective of reaching out to different groups of stake holders including policy makers, media, academicians and scientists, farmers and underprivileged groups including women...

Commodity Exchanges and Futures Trading

- Alessandra Birolo

A commodity exchange1 is a particular exchange (or market) in which commodities and derivatives products are traded. The mechanics behind an exchange are basically the same as the ones behind a public marketplace, where commodities are contracted for purchase or sale at an agreed price and for delivery at a specific date. The objects of trade are mainly agricultural products (like wheat, sugar, maize, cocoa, coffee, rice, etc.) and other raw materials (mainly metals), and the places of exchange are commodity markets...

Positions on Climate Change

- Alena Kovocova

As pointed out in the fact-sheet of CSE, “policy makers in India either do not know about, or do not take seriously, the economic, health-related and environmental impacts of climate change. This is largely because they feel no pressure from the public to deal with the problem. It is therefore important to make sure that your local government representatives understand this threat and feel pressure from you to take action...

ग्रामीण भारत में दलित

- रजनीश

सूत्र वाक्य के रूप में यह अक्सर सुनाई देता है कि 'दलितों के सामाजिक, आर्थिक, सांस्कृतिक व राजनैतिक अधिकारों का हनन किया जा रहा है.' यह स्पष्ट है कि मानवाधिकारों को जिन श्रेणियों में वर्गीकृत किया जा सकता है उसमे यह स्पष्ट वर्गीकरण है. हम यहाँ सारे मानवाधिकारों के केंद्र में गरिमापूर्ण जीवन के अधिकार (Right to Dignity) को मानते हुए वर्तमान परिदृश्य के सन्दर्भ में अपनी बात रखने का प्रयास कर रहे हैं...

Agriculture in Climate Change Negotiations

Ajay K Jha

Climate change is not only an environmental issue but a defining problem for generations to come which can slow down the pace of progress towards sustainable development either directly through increased exposure to adverse impact or indirectly through erosion of the capacity to adapt...