Interventions: CONFERENCE OF PARTIES (COP)

Paris Rulebook Needs to Reinforce Justice, Equity and Balance

CSOs Pre COP Consultation |  27 November 2018, IIC, New Delhi

PAIRVI, CECOEDECON and MAUSAM (Movement for Advancing Understanding on Sustainability and Mutuality) in collaboration with Embassy of the Republic of Poland organized a half day Pre-COP consultation on Priorities and Possibilities in COP 24 on 27 November 2018 India International Centre New Delhi.
 
HE Mr. Adam Burakowski, Ambassador of the Republic of Poland, HE Mr.YogeshPunja, High Commissioner of Fiji in India, Me. Edwin Koekkoek. Counsellor, Energy and Climate Action, Delegation of the European Union to India, Mr.Chandrabhushan, Dy Director General, centre for Science and Environment (CSE), Dr.ArunabhaGhosh, Director, Council for Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW),Dr. D Ragunandan, All India Peoples Science Network (AIPSN), and Dr. SB Mandal, Director, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Mr.ChandrashekharSahu, Former MP and Minister, Chhattisgarh, Mr. Om Thanvi, Consulting Editor, Rajasthan Patrika, Mr. Vijay Pratap, South Asian Dialogues on Ecological Democracy, Mr.NagrajAdve, Indian Climate Justice Network participated in the discussions.
 
Ajay K Jha (PAIRVI) opened the discussion by welcoming the participants. Giving a brief background to the urgency in Katowice COP 24 he emphasized that Katowice was the last sop to finalize Paris Rulebook. He said that NDC Guidelines, Finance, Enhanced Transparency Framework, conclusion of Talanoa Dialogue etc. were main concerns before the COP 24. He added that in the light of 1.5 C report, the world is keen to see that how the governments respond to the clarion calls to enhancing ambition. However, he cautioned about the lack of leadership and crisis of multilateralism, which were reappearing after the Paris compact. He exhorted EU and Umbrella group to enhance their ambitions, enhance quantum and clarity on finance and go to COP 24 with intent to move towards a just, equitous and balanced rulebook and show leadership in responding to the science and future generations.
 
HE Mr.Adam Burakowski, Ambassador of the Republic of Poland, said that it was a matter of pride for Poland to organize the third COP after Poznan and Warsaw and the incoming presidency is making all efforts possible to resolve the outstanding issues by bilateral and multilateral meetings. He reported that the PRECOP meeting held recently reflected a very cooperative atmosphere among the major actors. He added that justice, equity, adaptation, finance and other issues concerning developing countries are very high on the agenda and we are quite sure of a balanced rulebook. In addition to COP, the hosts are also focussing on other important events on transport and mobility, industries, energy, forests etc. and expecting meaningful outcomes and strengthened multilateral arrangements. He also addressed the CSOs apprehension about the January legislation aiming at preventing large assembly of delegates and said that Poland is a democratic country and committed to uphold principles of democracy.
 
HE Mr.YogeshPunja, High Commissioner of Fiji in India, making his presentation, talked about the achievements of the Fijian presidency. He said that Talanoa dialogue has brought a spirit of cooperation and sharing among the members, which reflects well also in the negotiations. Besides, Talanoa dialogues, he listed  financing for vulnerable countries, Koronivia joint work on agriculture, Oceans Pathways Partnership and Grand Coalition for Climate Action as the major achievements of Fijian Presidency. He added that following Fijian presidency, a number of bilateral and multilateral programmes and actions have been initiated in the Pacific. He highlighted that in the light of the IPCC report countries must try to limit the rise in temperature at 1.5 degrees, which AOSIS has been demanding for long. He handed a token baton to the Polish Ambassador Mr.Burakowski.
 
Mr.Edwin Koekkoek, Counsellor, Energy and Climate Action, Delegation of the European Union to Indiashared that EU is committed to Paris agreement and multilateralism (which is under threat). For EU, COP needs to be a success. He underlined that for EU there are two key elements for COP 24 – rulebook which concerns with transparency measures and finances, and the secondis stocktaking and talanoa dialogue, which must succeed in enhancing ambition. He also added that EU strategy for India was adopted last week which will now be discussed in EU. EU is keen on engaging with India on solar power.A joint declaration will be signed for International solar alliance (ISA) for solar power between think tanks and businesses.
 
S B Mandal, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change talked about expectations of the India from the COP 24. He said that COP 24 is significant for finalization of Paris rulebook.India has played a constructive role in global climate change and environmental governance. Recently PM has declared that India will ban use of single use plastics by 2022, and India will also start NCAP soon. In recognition of these efforts NarendraModi has been awarded champions of earth award. For COP 24 balanced NDC guidelines including information on Finance, adaptation, pre 2020 commitments etc are very is very high for India as it requires urgent global response.It is important to ensure that no undue burden is shifted on developing countries. India is looking for meaningful exchange inTalanoa political dialogue which must result in increased ambition, he added
 
Chandra Bhushan, Deputy Director General, CSE doubted that Paris Agreement can generate a response that 1.5 C report demands. He said  that we are negotiating an agreement which is not going to save the poor. The rulemaking book is more about which kind of reports will be submitted. Its not about how we are going to enhance our ambitions. He suggested that India needs to invest in research as “per capita” argument has not worked and India needs new arguments and proposals. We need a plan B, he added. In conclusion he said that India needs to calculate how do we decarbonize ourselves and how do other decarbonize.As most harm will happen to us, he highlighted.
 
Arunabha Ghosh, Director, CEEW, talked about four major issues facing global climate governance. The first issue is the interpretation of the 1.5 o C report, which leans highly in favour of developed countries.  The second issue is inherent weakness in the Paris Agreement. The third issue is equity and justice in terms of finance. The fourth issue being additional actors, some of which (especially cities and regions) have potential to significantly scale up climate action. COP 24 besides addressing these needs to show how equity, justice and differentiation will be embedded in framework of Paris agreement.
 
D. Raghunandan, AIPSN felt that the Paris agreement framework which is not goal oriented. There is no mechanism to access the targets and desired outcomes. The Paris agreement is deeply iniquitous and completely ignores the historical emissions, he explained. The forward-looking approach of Paris agreement has inbuilt bias against developing countries. He also doubted whether it’s worth pursuing 1.5 o C, as it’s already in the rear view mirror. Hesuggested that India needs to refocus on on 2 o C putting all efforts to bring back historical emissions in calculating development space for the countries.
 
Following the talks, the participants raised an engaging discussion on history of climate negotiations, adequacy of mitigation efforts of the industrialized countries, lack of finance, lack of accountability in the Paris Agreement architecture, market mechanisms, concerns of affected populations, farmers, indigenous communities and lack of developing countries concerns reflected in outcome documents. The participants also highlighted the need for a strong climate justice movement and creating synergy among the various movements to demand better national responses, and emphasized that CSOs should occupy the space available to them and put more pressure on national governments and their delegations to respond to the demands of the science.

Conference of Parties (COP)

PAIRVI has been participating in the UNFCCC annual meeting Conference of Parties (COP) since 2009. PAIRVI as a part of Beyond Copenhagen organized a number of event/activities and interventions in every COP. The coalition has been participating in the Cop to highlight issues of climate justice, agriculture and food security and small farmers in climate change negotiations. The coalition has also scaled up these issues at sub national, national, regional levels. Pairvi’s experience at these side events have contributed significantly in capacity building, policy discussion and legitimizing global governance.